Lions are the only social species of cats and seek out, claim and maintain good territories, which commonly consist of a water source, good hiding places for cubs and of course, lots of tasty prey.
“Most prides keep the same territories for a long time. Territory size depends on the quality and availability of prey. With abundant prey around, territories can be quite small. Though a pride occupies a territory, individual members aren’t always found all together. Individuals often break off to spend time in small sub-groups or by themselves. The females in a pride are close relatives. Female cubs stay in their mother’s pride, though they’ll disperse if their father is still the dominant male when they reach sexual maturity.” Read more of these facts on lions from the Mpala Field Guide.